Amritsar: The Religious Capital Of Punjab
1 year ago
The religious/spiritual capital of Punjab, Amritsar is famous all over the world for its unique beautiful Golden Temple. Every year, millions of domestic and foreign tourists from all over the world come to this holy shrine to pay their respects.
The city of Amritsar was founded in the 16th century by the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ramdas Ji. The city was named after Amrit Sarovar, a sacred tank here. In 1601, Guru Ramdas Ji’s successor Guru Arjun Dev Ji developed Amritsar. Amritsar has been witness to many tragedies and traumatic events. The biggest massacre of the Indian freedom struggle took place in Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar.
Amritsar has been in existence for almost four and a half hundred years. Guru Ramdas laid the foundation of the Gurudwara in 1577 in the middle of a lake. It has a copper dome which was later overlaid with gold plates and was named Harmandir Sahab or Golden Temple. In the kitchen of the Golden Temple, every day 40 thousand people are fed for free.
Touirst who visit Golden Temple must visit the living example of the freedom struggle, which is a witness to the martyrdom of nearly 2000 Sikhs and Hindus. It is the Jallianwala Bagh where thousands of unarmed innocents were killed by British Brigadier General Dyer on 13 April 1919, on the occasion of Baisakhi. This incidence not only shows the brutality of British colonial rule but also changed the course of India’s history. There are still bullets left on the walls of this garden. It is here that a memorial has been built in memory of the martyrs, where a flame always lighted.
Wagah Border, a must visit the place on Amritsar tour. The border of Punjab which separates India and Pakistan. The beating retreat ceremony takes place on the Wagah border daily before sunset. The soldiers of India and Pakistan are involved in this ceremony. People from all over the country come to see the parade on the Wagah border. It is a great experience to see the parade of army personnel here.
The home to the Golden Temple is also home to the best food in the world. Everything in this city revolves around food. Amritsari Kulchas, chicken, mutton, lassi, jalebi, and many more mouth-watering dishes that are famous in Amritsar. Don’t leave the Kara Prasad of Golden temple on your way out.
The climate of Amritsar is very hot in summer and very cold in winter. Therefore tourists are advised to visit this place in the months of October and February. The climate starts warming up from April onwards and by July it starts raining.