WHAT IS ANXIETY: SYMPTOMS AND TYPES

1 month ago

PSYCHOLOGICAL INSIGHTS

Anxiety is born out of stress that one faces in life. Stress can be good or bad which are named positive stress and negative stress. And anxiety turns out to be the companion for both. It is a fear or negative comprehension of a situation.

The American Psychological Association (APA) defines anxiety as “an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure.”

Feeling anxiety is normal and is required for survival and cannot be believed otherwise. Since the existence of humankind, the approach of predators and their savagery had always alarmed anxiety in the victim. The noticeable alarming nature at such an instance is as follows :

  • Heartbeats faster
  • Sweating
  • Frightful about the environment

These just make up the standard alerts one comes across during such an incoming danger. Such circumstances cause a rush of adrenaline which is a hormone or bodily chemical reaction for an anxious nature to take place, that is – fight or flight reaction.

Anxiety develops in the minor scenes of our life as well. For instance, if you are waiting for a local train to arrive and when finally you see the train coming towards your direction, it does evoke anxiety which is fine. The day it goes out of your hands is the day you need to worry.

At the present hour, anxiety revolves around our daily tasks or lives. For instance :

  • Family life
  • Workplace
  • Money
  • Health
  • Maintaining relationship
  • Educational environment

Even though these are the basic domains of our life, anxiety is rising for such or other crucial issues. The basic feeling of fear right before an important event of our life or even waiting for results – all such situations demand our attention for which it is normal to feel anxious.

The potential treatment or doctor advice is required when your life situations start changing because of the overpowering of anxiety. And this is what is called Generalized Anxiety Disorders (GAD). Here we list down the symptoms that might often occur during such conditions. Symptoms are as follows :

  • Restlessness
  • Extreme feeling of being on the edge
  • Irritability
  • Inability to focus
  • Sleep difficulties
  • Change in eating habits.
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Unnecessarily scared
  • Body in a tensed stage
  • Forgetful about things
  • Lethargy

Even though these symptoms are experienced by everyone at some point in life, people suffering from Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) will experience this frequently. When people feel helpless to a point where these symptoms start disrupting their day to day life events is when they should consult the doctor.

The duration of the anxiety prevailing is hard to determine yet if the proportion seems to interfere with one’s life, then it is something to be taken seriously. Physical symptoms of what anxiety can produce are as follows :

  • Blood Pressure
  • Nausea
  • Severe headache
  • Body pain

Such symptoms are to be considered when it’s no more anxiety but an anxiety disorder. The APA defines a person with an anxiety disorder are as follows :

“Having recurring intrusive thoughts or concerns.”

The stage of anxiety shifting manually to a disorder can be unrecognizable, once detected – it’s better to be treated.

GAD or Generalized Anxiety Disorder is just one among the other existing Anxiety disorders. Other Anxiety disorders are as follows :

  • Panic disorder
  • Social anxiety
  • Phobias
  • Post – traumatic stress disorder
  • Obsessive – compulsive disorder

A person can tend to experience one or more anxiety disorders at the same time. Such disorders can accompany many other mental health conditions or problems such as bipolar disorder or depression.

Even if you feel anxious to consult a doctor as well – you could always try some at home anxiety healing methods or treatments. Even though it doesn’t guarantee to heal you fully or sometimes in certain conditions it does – it will definitely help you feel better.

  • EXERCISING IS THE KEY

Exercising can do magic, especially when you are dealing with some mental health issues. Working towards keeping yourself fit physically, spiritually, mentally, and emotionally is the first initiative you could always choose. Start off with some primary activities and later you could keep on adding activities to your daily routine. Exercising does help to reduce a good amount of stress and anxiety and keeps you fresh for the whole day.

  • PROHIBIT YOURSELF FROM CONSUMING ALCOHOL, RECREATIONAL DRUGS, SMOKING AND CAFFEINATED DRINKS

Consuming alcohol or recreational drugs can increase the range of anxiety you face. These items might seem tempting and appealing, yet alcohol and recreational drugs should be avoided no matter what. Nicotine in cigarettes and caffeinated beverages have the chance to make anxiety worse.

  • STRESS MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES

To overcome anxiety, practice yoga and other relaxation methods. Taking quick breaks during working hours or studying hours is also a great method to relax and keep yourself stress-free.

  • SLEEP SCHEDULE

Managing your sleep schedule is really important. Getting enough sleep to gain energy for the upcoming tasks of the next day is mandatory. Overworking during night hours is not at all advisable. Lack of sleep just increases irritation and restlessness.

  • HEALTHY DIET IS MANDATORY

Sticking to a healthy diet plan is mandatory during such phases. Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, grains, and poultry is really necessary. Never rely on junk foods and fast foods for your increasing mental health issues.

  • EXPLORE YOURSELF

What is better than knowing or understanding your own self? Understand what triggers you and practice coping techniques.

  • WRITE IT DOWN

Journaling is the best way to keep yourself sane during such difficult times. Write it down, let the ink paint your thoughts on a blank paper, and attain peace from the disturbing negative thoughts.

  • GET SUPPORT AND BE SOCIAL

Find someone in your family or friends and let your thoughts out. Talk to them. Let people know what you are going through which will definitely help you heal. Support from your near and dear ones in such circumstances can make the process really effortless. Isolating yourself won’t work, rather go ahead and socialize.

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Chanchal Vinod

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