Mucormycosis or Black fungal Infection: Causes, Symptoms and Preventive Measures
2 years ago
In the second wave of coronavirus, another disease is wreaking havoc. Its name is Mucormycosis which is also known as Black Fungus. Many cases of this have been reported in Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Delhi. Due to this, many people lost their lives and many people lost their eyesight. This disease named mucormycosis is so severe that the patient suffering from it has to admit directly to the ICU.
• Mucaramycosis is a type of fungal infection that is found after corona patients recover in the second wave of corona.
• In this disease there is an infection in the eye or jaw, which can lead to the death of the patient.
• Its initial symptoms are redness and pain near the eyes and nose. Also, fever and vomiting can also occur.
What is Mucormycosis
Mucormycosis is a type of fungal infection that spreads very rapidly in the body. It is also known as Black Fungus. Mucormycosis infection or black fungus can also attack the patient’s brain, lungs, or skin. People catch mucormycosis by coming in contact with the fungal spores in the environment. It can also develop on the skin after the fungus enters the skin through a cut, scrape, burn, or other types of skin trauma. In this disease, many patients lose their eyesight while some patients get affected with jaw and nose pain.
How Mucormycosis spreads?
Mucormycosis starts as a skin infection in the air pockets behind our eyes, nose, cheekbones, and in the spaces between our eyes and teeth. It then spreads to the skin, lungs, and possibly the brain. It causes nose discoloration or blackening, blurred or double vision, chest pain, breathing problems, and bloody coughing.
Mucormycosis symptoms, Symptoms of Black fungal infection
– Redness near the eyes and nose
– Shortness of breath
– Bloody vomiting
– Change in mental state
How Mucormysosis is related to COVID-19, Why corona patients are at more risk of Black Fungal Infection
The disease is caused by a group of microorganisms known as mucormycetes, which are found in nature, mostly in soil and in organic matter such as leaves, compost, and piles.
The immune system of our bodies normally battles fungal infections effectively. COVID-19, on the other hand, has been shown to have an effect on our immune system. Furthermore, COVID-19 patients are treated with dexamethasone, a drug that suppresses our immune system response. COVID-19 patients are at an increased risk of failing to defend themselves from fungus mucormycetes.
Furthermore, COVID patients receiving oxygen therapy in an ICU with a humidifier are susceptible to fungal infection due to moisture exposure.
However, this does not mean that every COVID patient has the possibility of Mucormycosis infection, although the condition is rare in people who do not have diabetes, it can be fatal if not treated promptly. Early diagnosis and care are critical for a successful recovery.
Preventive measures for Mucormycosis
-Sugar problem in control
– Take steroids judiciously or under doctor guidance only
– Use sterile and clean water during oxygen therapy
What not to do in Mucormycosis or Black Fungus Infection
– Do not ignore any alert or body signal
– If you have caught COVID, then do not take the closed nose lightly
– Do not delay in getting a test done for fungal infection
How to avoid mucormycosis or black fungus infection
Wear a mask whenever you go outside, especially in a dusty area.
– Wear shoes, pajamas, full sleeve shirts and gloves while taking care of soil or plants
– Take care of personal hygiene, including taking a scrub bath
Note that experts say that most cases of mucormycosis infection are seen in patients who have recovered from Covid-19 but have diabetes, kidney, heart failure or cancer. If you have any of these problems, be careful about every symptom.
Doctors to approach for the Mucormycosis treatment
Since it affects various parts of the body, treatment requires a team of microbiologists, internal medicine specialists, intensivist neurologists, ENT specialists, ophthalmologists, dentists, surgeons, and others.