CULTURE OF ODISHA: TRADITION AND LIFESTYLE
2 years ago
One of the most ancient states, Odisha is the land of temples having a vast history. It has a diverse culture and is one of the oldest civilizations of the country. People here are mainly workers and farmers and as the state is closer to the seaport, a lot of people had their forefathers as a fisherman or even worked in the port or the sea. Odisha also has a significant mention in Indian epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata and has a lot of significance for being the place where King Ashoka started following and preaching Buddhism. Odisha is believed to be the first state where our ancestors of the Aryan race settled in and was known as Odras from which the state got its name.
Here we look at some of the in-depth details about the culture and traditions of Odisha.
Culture of Odisha
Odisha has been ruled by various rulers in the past and they have played an important role in shaping the culture of the state. The state has several Buddhist disciples mainly due to the preachings of King Asoka. The state has many primitive tribes and people that form the majority of the state though there is rapid development in some of the urban areas. People here are ardent followers and worshippers of Lord Jagganath and Lord Shiva. Odia is the primary language spoken here with a lot of tribal languages too.
Literature of Odisha
The literature works are mainly written here in the Odia language and many of the epics of the Hindu culture like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata have been translated and are studied by the people of Odisha. The panchasakhas and their literature in the medieval era were also quite famous and are still followed to date. After them, there were parts of literature that were inspired by them and they started writing poems songs to strengthen the Odia language.
Architecture of Odisha
The state is known for its pre-historic temples and of the fine architecture they possess. The foremost important are the Lingaraja Temple, Bhubaneswar (11th century), Jagannath Temple at Puri (12th century), and therefore the great Sun Temple at Konark (13th century). And hence, the golden triangle of Odisha – Bhubaneswar, Konark, and Puri contributes the most amount of tourism goodwill. they’re primary temples in-built the design of ‘Kalinga’ architecture. Lingaraja Temple The largest of all temples is believed to one of the most important Shiva temples across the country with millions of people visiting it every year.
Music of Odisha
Remember Sona Mohapatra’s Coke Studio track Rangabati which made everyone groove to their feet due to its tune and authenticity? A remake of one of the foremost popular songs the state has ever produced! Odisha is predominantly a land of tribes and every tribe has its distinct song and magnificence of dance. The Odisha culture has a lot of songs which are predominately from the tribal people. Any music lover will find their tune soothing and will grove with them in their local style. The Odia music forms a part of Indian classical music.
Dance of Odisha
The dance forms in Odisha is one of the most famous across the country with a lot of dance festivals held during the year. They have their origins mainly from the tribal community and have taken them forward over time. The classical dance Odissi bears the closest resemblance to temple culture than the other existing variety of dance. Other dance forms are the Chau dance which is famous among the tribes and the famous dance Gotipua which is the traditional dance form of the state.
Art work of Odisha
Odisha is famous for its varied forms of artwork. The rock art paintings are one of the best to be found. The most unique is the sand artwork which is found on the beaches and people love to see them. They are mainly done believing the Hindu deities. Other includes the handworks on jewelry as well as pattachitra which means painting on the cloth.
People Of Odisha
With 95% of the populace following Hinduism and over 62 tribal communities residing on the identical soil, people of Odisha sleep in harmony with mutual respect for minorities. The cultural diversity of Odisha is admirable. it’s said that the state stands as a coastal corridor between the northern and southern parts of the country. Odisha is additionally a state with one in all rock bottom crime rates.
Odias are fond of rice. it’s the staple around here. Compared to cuisines of other states, Odia cuisine uses less oil and spice but packs during a bountiful dash of flavour. A typical Odia meal consists of rice, dal/Dalma (a reasonably dal cooked with nutritious vegetables), a vegetable dish or two, something fried and a fish/meat curry. Traditional dishes like Pakhala (water-soaked rice), Chhena Poda (a roasted cheese dessert) and Mansa Tarkari (meat curry cooked with potatoes) are loved everywhere the state no matter innumerable dialects, uniting natives together.
Festivals of Odisha
The most famous festival across the state is the Rath yatra where the huge chariot or rath is travelled across the state especially in Puri and people worship Lord Jagannath here. Durga Puja is also one of the biggest festivals of the state as well as Maha Shivratri where shiv tandav is performed to please Lord Shiva. Some of the other festivals include the Prathamastami and the Rojo.
Costumes of Odisha
The traditional clothes for women are saree and for men, it is dhoti-kurta with a gamacha. A gamacha is a cotton towel that is wrapped around the shoulder of the men working in the fields. Lungi is also a common dress here. The educated and modernized class of the society were the western wear more often and keep the traditional wears for auspicious occasions.
Occupations of Odisha
As the state was still predominantly occupied by tribals, agriculture naturally is one of the main occupations for the people living here. Being close to the oceans and with some good ports fishery is also one of the good earning sectors along with the aquaculture. There are some small scall industries and handloom which comprises the rest of the occupations sector.
The above shows the culture and the traditions that are generally followed by the people in Odisha and you would find these in abundance if you visit them. People here are loving and caring and welcomes guests with open arms. It is one of the loveliest states of the country.