Cardiac Rehabilitation Program: Tips to take care after Heart Attack

2 weeks ago

Heart Attack occurs in an individual when a blood vessel carrying blood to the heart, becomes obstructed. Now a days the major cause of death is Heart attack. Heart disease can be a life changing event. If appropriate care is taken, most people not only recover from an event but go on to improve their quality of life to a higher level than before.

For those who survive after heart attack, the prevention of subsequent coronary events and the maintenance of physical functioning are the major challenges. Cardiac rehabilitation programs are recognized as integral to the comprehensive care of patients with heart attack said Dr. Dinesh Sehgal leading cardiologist (Sapra Multispeciality Hospital, hisar)

Follow below tips for healthy heart

•  Physical activity/Exercise is recommended /prescribed for patients with heart attack.

•  20- 60 minutes of Walking, running, cycling or swimming, etc. 3-5 days per week, 8-10 different exercises for both upper and lower body, 2-3 days per week.

Pic Credit: Google

•   Monitor for abnormal signs and symptoms, i.e., chest pain, dizziness, and dysrhythmias as exercise may precipitate cardiovascular complications in heart attack patients.

•  Patients with stable angina (Chest Pain) should always carry nitroglycerin and be educated in its use.

There can be individual variations in diet, but in general 50-60% calories come from carbohydrates like whole grains, peas, beans etc.  20-30% from fats like beef, lamb, dairy foods etc,15-20% from proteins Like fish, nuts, poultry etc. Meal should contain one portion of protein, two portions of grains and three portions of vegetables.

Avoid consumption of margarine, oily or fried foods, red meat, sweet preparations like cakes, (remove) pastries, margarine and carbonated drinks. Foods high in magnesium helps to protect heart, include foods such as broccoli, potatoes, spinach, and wheat germ.

•  Include servings of fresh fruits and vegetables in a diet.

Pic credit: Google

•   Decrease salt and sugar intake, Stop smoking and decrease intake of alcohol.

•   keep a check on blood sugar and blood pressure value.

Here is how quickly we can get on with our day to day work

•   Patient can start driving after 6 to 8 weeks

•  Patient can resume to work after 4 to 6 weeks after myocardial infarction.

Continue your medications as prescribed by your doctor.

Disclaimer: Consult your doctor before starting/initiating any of the activity.

Dr. Dinesh sehgal
Cardiologist

Seema Jain

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