5 Years of Paris Agreement: Climate Change still a big crisis globally
5 months ago
The rising urbanization and human settlements are continuously degrading the natural climatic conditions of this planet. We have known about global warming is hazardous and harmful to the biodiversity of the earth.
On, 12th of December Paris agreement completed five years of success. The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. It was adopted by 196 Parties at COP 21 in Paris on 12 December 2015 and entered into force on 4 November 2016. The main theme of this treaty is to limit global warming to below 2, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, and to achieve this long-term temperature goal, countries aim to minimize the greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible and to achieve climate stability worldwide.
Our Union Minister of Environment and climate change Prakash Javadekar concluded in a press conference held on 11th December that climate change is not a one-day phenomenon. It has taken several years leading to irregular patterns of climate. On comparing the percentile, USA contributes 25% of emission, Europe 22%, China 13%, and India 3%. We are in no way responsible for this climate change but as a responsible nation, we are trying to eradicate disturbances caused by humans for this muddle. The Climate Ambition Summit 2020 held on 12th December through virtual conferencing.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi while addressing the summit said, the Paris Agreement is the most ambitious step in our fight against climate change. India is continuously on its path to fulfilling the targets of the Paris agreement. The country has reduced the emissions to 21 % as compared to 2005 levels. India’s solar capacity has grown from 2.63 gigawatts in 2014 to 36 gigawatts in 2020.
The countries established an enhanced transparency framework (ETF) with the Paris Agreement. Under ETF, starting in 2024, countries will report transparently on actions taken and progress in climate change mitigation, adaptation measures, and support provided or received. It also provides for international procedures for the review of the submitted reports. The information collected through this way will assess the collective progress towards the long-term climate goals.