India’s Republic Day: The day India became Democratic
3 years ago
Every year on 26 January we celebrate Republic Day. This year, India’s 71st Republic Day will be celebrated on 26 January 2020. On this day, our own constitution was implemented in our country and India became a democratic republic on 26 January 1950.
Republic Day is a day of pride and honour for every Indian citizen. After years of slavery, we attained independence on 15 August 1947, and two and a half years after the independence of the country, on 26 January 1950, the masters of the country implemented the new constitution of India, since then, the supreme ruler of India is called the President.
The date 26 January has its own importance in the history of freedom struggle. At the Lahore session of Congress on the banks of Ravi River in 1930, the late Shri Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru declared complete independence. On 26 January 1930, he pledged that “Our freedom struggle movement will continue till we attain complete independence.” To achieve this, we will sacrifice our lives. “For this reason, 26 January was the day chosen to announce the Republic of India. On this day we became completely independent, on that day Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of our nation in place of Lord Mountbatten (Governor-General).
We all celebrate Republic Day but do we know the right meaning of Republic? Republic Day means the right of people living in the country to elect their representatives as political leaders. After much struggle with our leaders and freedom fighters, we got independence and made our own constitution. In which the basic duties, rules, and laws of all citizens are mentioned. Indian constitution has some basic features that make it unique from others.
1. The original copies of the Indian Constitution, written in Hindi and English.
2. The original Constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada.
3. The constitution took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to come up with the final draft.
4. When the draft was prepared and put for debate and discussion, over 2000 amendments were made, before it was finalized.
5. The Indian Constitution is the longest of any sovereign country in the world