congenital heart disease

5 types of Heart Disease in Children

3 years ago

Heart disease is a medical condition for which age is not a limit for occurrence. It is equally fatal and tragic in children as in adults. There are many types of heart problems that can affect the children but thanks to our cardiologists and advanced technologies that help these tiny tots to live their life without any problem.

5 types of Heart disease in children can be:

1. Congenital Heart Disease: If a child born with some heart defect, it is called congenital heart disease. There are some conditions of the heart that come under congenital heart disease like holes in the heart, heart valve disorders, underdeveloped heart. These congenital heart diseases are usually treated with surgery, medication, or heart transplant.

2. Arrhythmias: Arrhythmias is a condition in which children have an irregular heartbeat or abnormal heart rhythm. This heart defect is associated with fast Heart rate (Supraventricular Tachycardia), slow Heart rate (bradycardia), Long QT syndrome (a heart condition that can cause fast, chaotic heartbeats that might trigger a sudden fainting spell or seizure).

3. Kawasaki Disease: In this, children get swelling (inflammation) in the walls of medium-sized arteries throughout the body. This inflammation tends to affect the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle. Children having high fever and peeling skin can be symptomatic for Kawasaki disease.

Kawasaki disease Symptoms
Kawasaki disease Symptoms
Image Source: Google

4. Heart Murmur: Heart murmurs are basically the heart sound made by blood flowing in or near the Heart. It is not a disease but sometimes it may signify an underlying cardiovascular problem. Heart murmurs can be congenital or develop later in life.

5. Vascular Rings: Vascular rings are the malformation of the aortic arch and/or its associated blood vessels. The trachea and the esophagus are fully encircled and often surrounded by the “ring” created by these vessels, which may contribute to breathing and digestive problems. It is congenital heart disease. 

Vascular Rings
Vascular rings
Image Source: Google

Diagnosis of Heart problems in children can occur soon after birth or during the first few months of life. The symptoms that children show can be:

1. Abnormal breathing

2. Swelling in different body parts like legs, eyes and abdomen

3. Severe Weight gain or Reduction in weight

4. Pale blue skin color

If your child has any of the above signs or symptoms as he or she grows, call your child’s doctor or consult a cardiologist. They will let you know if your child’s symptoms are due to a heart defect or another medical condition.

dr. dinesh sehgal cardiologist in hisar

Seema Jain

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