TOP POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD

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The city Allahabad was the main center for the Britishers in India, thus it gave birth to many politicians and freedom fighters who stand against them and took part in politics equally. Maybe since then, Allahabad is known to be the hometown of politics in India.

Some great politicians of Allahabad are:

INDIRA GANDHI

3rd PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA

BORN: 19 November 1917

FULL NAME: Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi

STUDIES: SMC,Vishva Bharati University, University of Oxford.

PARENTS: Jawaharlal Nehru, Kamala Nehru

SPOUSE: Feroze Gandhi

CHILDREN: Rajiv Gandhi, Sanjay Gandhi

POLITICAL PARTY: Indian National Congress

DEATH: 31 October 1984

The only female Prime Minister of India. In 1954 she was elected as President of Indian National Congress (INC). She was assigned as Rajya Sabha member as Minister of Information and Broadcasting. As a Prime Minister, she was very rigid and extraordinary. She’s one of the Prime Ministers with the longest-ruling period. She was the one who took a step to have a war with Pakistan which India eventually won and gave birth to Bangladesh. On 12 June 1975, she was declared as void for the election of Lok Sabha because of the malpractices done by her. She was proven guilty after 4 years. She got banned from parliament. The state of emergency was alerted by the President due to internal disorder. In 1977 after two back to back state emergencies she had enough guts to have a fair election and was confident about her victory, ignoring the fact that the country has suffered enough because of her. Her pride was crushed when the Janta Party under the leadership of Morarji  Desai defeated her. In 1978 after trying to get back into Lok Sabha she was arrested on several charges. Congress supporters hijacked an Indian Airline and asked to release her immediately which resulted in a much longer arrest. During her operation Blue Star in Punjab in Golden Temple, militants shot the Punjab Police Deputy Inspector General in the temple area and Gandhi allowed the army to enter the temple area by which Sikhs became angry and on 31st October 1984 she was assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards Beant Singh and Satwant Singh by their service gun as the revenge of her operation Blue Star.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Indira Gandhi

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU

1st PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA

BORN: 14 November 1889

STUDIES: Trinity college, Cambridge

PARENTS: Pandit Motilal Nehru, Swarup Rani Nehru

SPOUSE: Kamala Nehru

CHILDREN: Indira Gandhi

POLITICAL PARTY: Indian National Congress

DEATH: 27 May 1964

He was a lawyer who studied at Trinity College of Cambridge and came back to his hometown Allahabad and started practicing in High Court. As he was from a political background, he was highly attracted to national politics and wanted to take steps towards independence. He became a leader of the left-wing with INC and was a part of the most dominant party of that time. Under the mentorship of Mahatma Gandhi, he initiated the action for complete Independence. In 1920 he went behind bars for leading the Non-Cooperation movement. On new year evening in Lahore at midnight in 1929 Nehru hosted an Indian flag and took a pledge for independence. Congress leaders and Nehru stood along with Mahatma Gandhi for the Dandi march against salt tax took by the Britishers. He went through many countries to gain support and ideas of dealing with the Britishers. After coming back and getting elected, he said congress and British colonial authority is all that matters. He wanted Maulana Azad to be the representative of the Muslim community or upcoming Pakistan but Gandhi Ji focused on Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Nehru was framing and planning a lot of policies for the government when unexpectedly the partition took place because of the disagreement between Congress and the Muslim League on power-sharing in 1947. Hence, Jawaharlal Nehru became India’s first Prime Minister. After independence, he faced many political troubles and many parties and disputes emerged like the Sina-Indian war. He was tried to assassinate 4 times. On 26th May after he died due to heart attack. His birthday is now celebrated as Children’s day every year as he was very fond of children.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Jawahar Lal Nehru

VISHWANATH PRATAP SINGH

7th PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA

BORN: 25 June 1931

STUDIES:BA.LLB from Allahabad University & B.Sc from University of Pune

FATHER: Adopted by Raja Gopal Singh

SPOUSE: Sita Kumari

CHILDREN: Ajeya Singh & Abhai Singh

POLITICAL PARTY: INC, Janata Dal, Jan Morcha

DEATH: 27 November 2008

He was the adopted child of Raja Gopal Singh of Manda and at the age of 10 became the king in 1941. He studied law at Allahabad University and was elected as Vice President of the students union. Later on, he was elected in Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly as representative from Soraon in 1969 from the congress party. After getting elected to Lok Sabha in 1971, he was assigned as Deputy Minister of Commerce in 1974. In the year 1988, he changed his mind and joined the opposition Janta Morcha and was appointed as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Under the Rajiv Gandhi government, he was given various posts like Minister of Finance, Minister of Defence, because of Boforce scandal he resigned. Then in 1988 he formed Janta Dal and merged it with Janata Party and with the support of BJP, became the 7th Prime Minister. During his period he focused on supporting and in the upbringing of backward classes. After serving for many years in politics, he retired and became a political critic. He died due to cancer at the age of 77 on 27 November 2008.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Vishwanath Pratap Singh

KESHAV PRASAD MAURYA

DEPUTY CHIEF MINISTER OF UTTAR PRADESH

BORN: 7 May 1969

STUDIES: Hindi literature at Hindu Sahitya Sammelan

POLITICAL PARTY: Bharatiya Janata party

He was a businessman and also became a part of Bajrang dal and RSS. He took an active part in the Goraksha and Ram Janmabhoomi movement. He served as MLA from 2002-2012 from Sirathu. In the year 2012, he was elected as the representative of Sirathu Assembly constituency. In 2014 he became MLA from Phulpur seat with 52% votes. He was then appointed as Deputy Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in the year 2017. He is the first MLA of BJP from Sirathu.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Keshav prasad Mauraya

VIJAY BAHUGUNA

6th CHIEF MINISTER OF UTTARAKHAND

BORN: 28 February 1947

STUDIES: Allahabad University

PARENTS: Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna(Father) , Kamala Bahuguna(Mother)

SPOUSE: Sudha Bahuguna

CHILDREN: Saurabh Bahuguna

POLITICAL PARTY: Bharatiya Janata party

He lived in Allahabad and studied law from Allahabad University and practiced advocacy but Later on became a Judge at Allahabad High Court and then Mumbai High Court. He is the son of former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and freedom fighter H.N Bahuguna. His sister Ritu Bahuguna who is also a politician was a former President of the Uttar Pradesh Congress Committee. He became a member of 14th and 15th Lok Sabha and then elected as Chief Minister of Uttarakhand in 2012 and on 31st January 2014 he resigned from his seat as his government was being criticized by people for flood rescue operation in 2013.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Vijay Bahuguna

SHANTI BHUSHAN

FORMER LAW MINISTER OF INDIA

BORN: 11 November 1925

STUDIES: Ewing Christian College

CHILDREN: Prashant Bhushan,Shefali Bhushan, Jayant Bhushan, Shalini Bhushan.

POLITICAL PARTY: BJP,JANATA PARTY,CONGRESS

He remains an active member of multiple parties throughout his life. At first, he was an active member of Congress but then he represented himself against Indra Gandhi in court which resulted in a State Emergency. Later he joined the Janata Party. He became Rajya Sabha member in 1977. When he became Law Minister, he introduced the 44th amendment of the Indian Constitution, which was against the 42nd amendment of the Indian Constitution. Then in 1980, he joined BJP and resigned from it in 1986 due to some disagreement in thought, and finally, he became a member of the Aam Aadmi Party in 2012. He even consulted for Arundhati Roy in and H.D Deve Gowda and continued to stay as a known face in politics.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Shanti Bhushan

MADAN MOHAN MALVIYA

PRESIDENT OF INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS

BORN: 25 December 1861

STUDIES: B.A from University of Calcutta

SPOUSE: Kumari Kundan Devi Malviya

POLITICAL PARTY: Indian National Congress

DEATH: 12 November 1946

He was a journalist, lawyer, educationist, and a politician. In 1886 he attended the 2nd Indian National Congress Session. In 1909 he became the President of Indian National Congress. He was the co-founder of Banaras Hindu University and served as the Vice-Chancellor of the university from 1919 till 1938. He played a major role in ending the Indian indenture system (Indians sent to European countries for slavery) In 1928 he stood along with Jawaharlal Nehru, Lala Lajpat Rai against Simon Commission. He got arrested during the Civil Disobedience Movement and after that again he got appointed as President of Indian National Congress. He was the only leader to get appointed to the presidency for the fourth time.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Madan Mohan Malviya

MUKHTAR ABBAS NAQVI

UNION MINISTER OF MINORITY AFFAIRS

BORN: 15 October 1957

STUDIES: Asian academy of higher studies Noida

PARENTS: A H Naqvi , Sakina Begum

SPOUSE: Seema Naqvi

CHILDREN: 1

POLITICAL PARTY: Bharatiya Janata Party

In 1975, he started doing political activities at the age of 17 for which he was sent behind the bars in Naini Central Jail. In 1980 he stood for the elections of Legislative assembly of Uttar Pradesh in which he got defeated but got elected in Lok Sabha and was assigned as Minister for Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. In 2016 he got elected for Rajya Sabha. In the BJP government, he became Minister of State for Ministry Affairs. Right now he is serving as Union Minister of Minority Affairs.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Mukkhtar Abbas Naqvi

VIJAY LAKSHMI PANDIT

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED NATION GENERAL ASSEMBLY

BORN: 18 August 1900

PARENTS: Motilal Nehru, Swaruprani Thussu.

SPOUSE: Ranjit Sitaram Pandit

CHILDREN: Chandralekha Mehta, Nayantara Sehgal , Rita Dar

POLITICAL PARTY: Indian National Congress

DEATH: 1 December 1990

 She was the daughter of the great politician Motilal Nehru and the sister of Jawaharlal Nehru. She was born in Allahabad and went to London for her studies where she got a chance to observe the relationship with Indo- British. After Independence, she became the Ambassador of the Soviet Nation(1947-1949). In 1953 she became the first woman to be the President of the United Nations General Assembly. In India, she became the Governor of Maharashtra from 1962 to 1964. She was also a member of the Parliament from 1964-1968. After India Gandhi (her niece) declared emergency, she criticized it to the core in 1977and stood against Indra Gandhi and helped the Janta Party win. She was appointed in the United Nation Human Rights Commission as the representative of India after which she declared her retirement and died on 1st December 1990.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Vijay Laxmi Pandit

MOTILAL NEHRU

PRESIDENT OF INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS

BORN: 6 May 1861

STUDIES: Muir Central College

PARENTS: Gangadhar Nehru, Janurani

SPOUSE: Swarup Rani

CHILDREN: Jawaharlal Nehru,Vijay Lakshmi Pandit, Krishna Hutheesing

POLITICAL PARTY: Indian National Congress

DEATH: 6 February 1931

Motilal Nehru was a lawyer by profession and a well-known politician during the freedom struggle. He graduated as a lawyer in 1883 and started working as a lawyer for a long period of time. In 1919 Motilal Nehru became the President of Congress. While in the Non-Cooperation movement he got arrested as in Chauri Chaura the mob killed policemen. After coming out he joined Swaraj Party and was elected to United Provinces Legislative Council and then in 1923 he was elected for  Central Legislative assembly of British but when he asked for total Dominance on India, his demand was rejected, after which he and his partners gave their resignation and joined Congress. During Satyagraha, he got arrested with his son, where his health started declining, although he was released but died on 6 February 1931.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Motilal Nehru

PURUSHOTTAM DAS TANDON

BORN: 1 August 1882

DIED: 1 July 1962

POLITICAL PARTY: Congress

He was born in Allahabad and while he was studying he joined Indian National Congress in 1899. He represented Allahabad in the All India Congress Committee in 1906. After completing his degree in Law and M.A in History he started practicing under Tej Bahadur Sapru at Allahabad High court. He was the professor of Hindi at Victoria College. During the Salt march and Non-Cooperation movement, he was sent behind the bars along with Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, and other leaders. He then became the President of Lok Seva Mandal. From 1937-1950 he served the seat of the speaker of the legislative assembly. He tried in elections for the President of Congress but failed as his popularity was not enough in front of Jawaharlal Nehru. In 1952 and 1956 he became a member of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. After taking retirement from his Public service he died on 1 July 1962.

POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD
POLITICIANS OF ALLAHABAD | Purushottam Das

Priya Goel

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