Constitution Day of India: Some unique features of the Indian Constitution
5 months ago
National Law Day or Constitution Day of India is celebrated on November 26 every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. The constitution of India is the longest constitution in the world that was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 but came into effect on January 26, 1950.
In a gazetted notification, on 19 November 2015, it was declared that November 26 will be celebrated as Constitution day. Previously it was celebrated as National Law day. The purpose of celebrating the constitution day is to spread awareness about the constitution and the ideas of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (who played a pivotal role in the drafting of the constitution). Presently, the constitution of India has 448 Articles, 25 Parts, and 12 Schedules.
The constitution of India is a document that lays the power, policies, and principles for the Government and directive principles, rights, and duties for the citizens. The constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizen’s justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity. Indian constitution has been drafted by taking features from other countries constitutions. Countries include are the United Kingdom, United States, Ireland, Australia, France, Canada, Soviet Union, Weimar Republic, South Africa, Japan.
Features of Indian Constitution
1. Longest constitution in the world
2. Provides Parliamentary state of Government
3. Provides Fundamental rights and fundamental duties of the citizen
4. Government while formulating any policy has to keep in mind the Directive Principles of State policy mentioned in the constitution.
5. Indian Constitution provide Bicameral Legislature i.e central and state level.
These are some of the features of the Indian constitution, it has some other unique features like emergency powers, an Independent judiciary, Single citizenship, provision for minorities, and many more.